- extraction and separation of biomass major components (fibres, sugars, oils, proteins); - extraction, identification and characterisation of specific bioactive molecules (enzymes, phenols, alkaloids, etc.) with specific activities (biocatalyser, cytostatic effect, antioxidants, antimicrobial, etc.); - valorisation of extracted components and resulted waste from biomass processing to produce bio-based products (pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, 2nd generation biofuels, biopolymers, biofertilizers, etc.)
following the concept of terrestrial (or biologic) sequestration, plant species like Salicornia spp., Amaranthus spp., Suaeda spp., Festuca arundinacea L., Calamagrostis epigeios L., Spartina pectinate, etc. will contribute to CO2 capture and storing as carbon both in plants and soil.
FACCE SURPLUS (Sustainable and Resilient agriculture for food and non-food systems)
Executive Unit for Financing Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation (UEFISCDI)
The project proposes the cultivation of selected halophytes species on salt-affected soils with the aims of developing new value chains from obtained biomass.
The work will be conducted on the monitoring the degree of soil purification, the yield of biomass and seeds, and their chemical composition.
Obtained biomass will be investigated on the possibilities of extracting fibres to produce green composites, sugars for fermentative processes (bioethanol production), active biomolecules and micronutrients for developing new pharmaceutics and/or nutrceutics, oils from seeds for sustainable biodiesel synthesis. Waste resulted after extraction or pretreatment processes are further transformed into bio-based products (briquets, etc.). Process efficiency in terms of biomass production, salt-affected soil remediation, biomass conversion, materials and energy demand is the core activity for each involved step of the developed integrated technology targeting the optimal solution for ensuring overal sustainability.
Thus, HaloSYS project proposes an applied research work with a high knowledge transfer potential as alternative economic solution on bringing back into use for agricultural the farmland damaged by saltwater during coastal flooding, by the intensive agriculture practices or under the pressure of climate changes (aridisation phenomena).
Two SME’s are involved in life cycle assessment of biomass cultivation, soil quality management and biomass transformation technologies, as well as the evaluation of reducing the environmental footprint of agriculture.
1. Environmentally sustainable growth under climate changes effect and environmental pressures, and biodiversity and ecosystem services preservation;
2. Intensification of agriculture through phytoremediation practices using halophytes culture systems on saline soils.
3. Opportunity to develop new agriculture crops to overcome the economic losses due to continuous trend of soil aridisation.
(1) Knowledge and innovation enhancer in the bio-economy domain at European and regional levels;
(2) Achievement of critical mass and better use of limited natural resources;
(3) Awareness raising for stakeholders and general public regarding social and economic advantages of bio-based products obtained from biomass sources that use lands unsuitable for agriculture;
(4) Dissemination and exploiting the results of transnational and multidisciplinary project strengthening the innovation and competitiveness within the concerned results end-users. This will lead to a better management of knowledge transfer.
Updates about the project